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How to incorporate the eight multiple intelligences in your training

What makes a person intelligent? Is it the way they think, solve problems or utilise logic?

A person's intelligence is generally speaking pertains to his or her general interest. We all know the person who is really good at languages but does not understand science. Is this person less intelligent than the person who is a whizz at science but can't spell correctly?

Dr Gardner theory of the eight multiple intelligences was based on the fact that he found that schools concentrated their focus of learning on linguistic and logical mathematical intelligence. Students who's learning preferences were different were labelled as under-achievers or learning disabled because their unique ways of thinking and learning was simply not addressed in class. The theory of multiple intelligences suggests that educators to be trained in a wide variety of ways, using music , cooperative learning, art activities, multi media, field trips, inner reflection, group interaction etc.

The theory of eight multiple intelligences also has strong implications for adult learning and development. Many adults are in jobs that do not make use of their most developed intelligences. When the 8 intelligences are incorporated in your facilitation you give your learners 8 potential pathways of retaining or understanding the information. Whatever you are teaching , see how you might connect it with:

  1. words (linguistic intelligence)
  2. numbers or logic ( logical-mathematical intelligence)
  3. pictures (spatial intelligence)
  4. music (musical intelligence)
  5. self-reflection (intrapersonal intelligence)
  6. physical experience (bodily-kinesthetic intelligence)
  7. social experience (inter personal intelligence)
  8. experience in the natural world (naturalist intelligence)

So what does it mean to your teaching?

1. Words/Linguistic Intelligence                                            

This intelligence concentrates on the ability to use words and language. These learners have highly developed auditory skills and are generally good speakers. They think in words rather than pictures and are very often your talkers and the person who always has Their skills include:

        • listening
        • speaking
        • writing
        • story-telling
        • explaining
        • teaching
        • understanding the meaning of words
        • convincing someone of their point of view
        • analysing language usage

2. Numbers/Logical/Mathematical Intelligence

This intelligence concentrates on the ability to use  reason, logic and numbers. These learners think conceptually in logical and numerical patterns. They are always curious about the world around them, they ask lots of questions and like to experiment. Their skills include:

        • problem solving
        • classifying and categorising information
        • doing controlled experiments
        • questioning
        • perform calculations
        • working with geometric shapes

It is often difficult to include this intelligence into all your sessions.If you have session with no numbers, introduce a "number cruncher puzzle".These puzzles are like a wordfind puzzle but now with numbers and your learners are looking for an hidden number. Even the non-mathematical learners in your class can do these.

 3. Pictures/Spatial/Visual Intelligence

This intelligence concentrates on the ability to perceive the visual. These learners think in pictures and need to create vivid mental images to retain information. They look at maps, charts, pictures,videos and movies. The learners doodle while listening and like to use highlighters and coloured pens to make their books more interesting. Their skills include:

        • puzzle building
        • understanding charts and graphs
        • sketching
        • painting
        • creating visual metaphors
        • constructing things
        • fixing things
        • interpreting visual images
4. Music/Rhythmic Intelligence       Musical_intelligent.jpg                                                     

This intelligence concentrates on the ability to  produce and appreciate music. These learners think in sounds, rhythms and patterns. They immediately relate to music and like to work with music or create their own. These learners might look like being impatient while they are tapping their feet or fingers, or humming a tune.Their skills include:

        • singing
        • whistling
        • playing instrument
        • composing music
        • remembering melodies/chants or raps
        • understanding the structure and rhythm of music
 5. Self Reflection/Intrapersonal Intelligence       Intrapersonal_intelligence_picture_1.jpg

This intelligence concentrates on the ability to self-reflect and be aware of ones inner state of being. These learners try to understand their own feelings, dreams, relationships with others and their strengths and weaknesses. These learners could be your dreamers, or appear shy and not forthcoming. Their skills include:

        • recognise their strengths and weaknesses
        • analysing themselves
        • evaluating their thinking patterns
 6. Physical/Bodily/Kinesthetic Intelligence           Kinesthetic_Smiely_Face.gif

This intelligence concentrates on the ability to control body movements and handle objects skillfully. These learners express themselves through movement, and you can recognise there learners as the fiddlers in your class. These learners will be playing with your props, flipping their pens, wobbling on their chairs etc. Their skills include:

        • dancing
        • sports
        • hand on experimentation
        • using body language
        • enjoying crafts
        • using their hands to create things
        • expressing emotions through the body
 7. Social Experience/ Interpersonal Intelligence            Interpersonal_intelligence_picture1.jpg

This intelligence concentrates on the ability to relate and understand others. These learners try to see things from other people's point of view. They are good at sensing feelings, intentions and motivations. They are great organisers and are most likely the group leaders in team activities. They try to maintain the peace in group settings and encourage co-operation. They use verbal and non-verbal communication to open communication with others. Their skills include:

        • understand peoples moods
        • build trust
        • peaceful conflict resolution
        • establish positive relationships with other people
        • understand other people
8. Naturalist Intelligence            Naturaliste_intelligence1.jpg

This intelligence concentrates on the ability to understand, relate to and explain the things encountered in the world of nature. They are  learners who are able to connect with nature or the world they move in. Their skills include:

        • good understanding of their world around them
        • able to make connections to the outside world
        • their love for the outdoors

Now go and try to incorporate the eight multiple intelligences in your training. The more you can incorporate in your delivery the better the students will feel. Good luck.